The answer to this question is based on your pet. It’s weight, size, whether it is a puppy or an adult, the breed and most importantly: what is available to feed it. Because we must be honest, at some point we will not have the money or the time to buy their favorite food and we are tempted to feed them our own food, which represents, in most cases an error, which will affect your pet’s health.
To avoid these doggy misadventures we want to teach you step by step how to keep your dog happy and well fed, so let’s start with industrialized food, in this case it can be from a bag or cans, in any of them it is essential to read carefully the ingredients they contain to know if we are feeding them or making them sick.
First of all, you should know that dogs are carnivores, therefore, cereals can permanently alter their health. So, you should look carefully at the ingredients of the food and make sure that the product labels contain the following “good” ingredients; As for proteins, it should have ingredients like beef, mutton, chicken, turkey, lamb or fish. But if it says that it is a “meat sub-product” or “meat flour” you will not be feeding your pet properly, quite the contrary; you’re making them sick. Now, if we read that it contains eggs, we will be providing them with one of the foods with the highest nutritional value, along with fish flour and milk.
As for “good” carbohydrates we have oats, potatoes, sweet potatoes, rice and vegetables and if it refers to fats it should contain, animal fat like that of chicken and if it is vegetable it should be canola, sunflower or flaxseed.
When you start reading at the beginning of the label that the primary ingredient is a grain or a vegetable, don’t buy it because it is plant-based food. You should also see the expiration time because the food is sprayed with fat to make the it more palatable, the problem is that when this fat expires it becomes stale and contaminates the food.
In order to preserve the food you must keep it dry in its original bag in a tightly closed container where it does not get light and if it is left over from a canned food you must refrigerate it well covered.
What Not To Do
One of the ingredients that does the most damage to our dogs is corn or cornmeal because it is difficult for them to process it, so it is necessary to look carefully on the packaging label if, in addition to corn, they contain soy or wheat because they produce the same effect as corn and in certain dogs allergies. Veterinarians recommend that oatmeal, rice, barley, quinoa be given in small doses in food packages to balance their diet.
A very important fact; cereals should never exceed the quantity of protein. This detail must be kept in mind because this imbalance causes unpleasant consequences on the dog’s health, such as skin problems, otitis, diarrhea, bad odor and others.
Some companies use chemical formulas for food preservation, so be very careful. If you read that the preservatives are based on ethoxyquin, BHT, BHA or propylene glycol as well as yeast, synthetic vitamin K, beer rice, sorghum, salt, wheat, soy, brewer’s yeast, flax, onion, propylene gallate and added colors or aromas and colorants are substances that significantly harm our pet.
We must find those products that the preservatives are organic compounds based on tocopherols that are easily absorbed by animals.
That furry newborn that gives us so much joy is the one that should have the best diet. In a year it will be an adult dog, if it is a small breed, but if it is a large breed dog, its development will take up to two years, but in that time it is essential to accompany it with a diet appropriate to the energy consumption it has.
Their bones, muscles, organs, immune system and cognitive development are in the process of rapid growth. The intake of protein, phosphorus, vitamin D, calcium, fatty acids, omega 3 must be constant and of the highest quality. But fat must be minimal to avoid obesity.
In this development process, you must avoid your dog from being attacked by canine parvovirus at all costs, for this the best defense is a good diet and under no pretext provide human food. They require a lot of fiber to speed up their digestive process in order to expel the bacteria and parasites transferred by their mother through breast milk.
Our Adult Dogs
My dog is over two years old, what should I give him? First of all you should take into consideration all of the above and avoid giving him cereals because it is the basis for having a healthy and healthy dog.
However, depending on size and weight, you should consider supplementing your diet with vitamin E, C and Omega 3, and carbohydrates should be oatmeal, yeast and rice. On the other hand, if the dog is very active, fiber, glucosaline, barley, fruits (check our guide on Healthy Fruits and Veggies for Dogs.) and chondroitin must be provided. If the dog is very large. Your daily diet should contain vitamins E and C.
You must take into account that each stage of life of our pets will depend on their diet such as activity, growth, if they are pregnant and age.
If you want to know more about their diet, here are some books that will help you balance your pet more effectively and appropriately, including special diets for sick animals.
Carina B. MacDonald – Raw Food Canine Diet.
Earl Mindell, Elizabeth Renaghan – All about the health and nutrition of your dog.